Future Indicative: The Imperative Future

(1) The Imperative Future. The second person of the Future Indicative is often used as an Imperative.

Jas. 2:8; Ἀγαπήσεις τὸν πλησίον σου ὡς σεαυτόν, thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

REMARK 1. This idiom as it occurs in the New Testament shows clearly the influence of the Septuagint. It occurs most frequently in prohibitions, its negative being, as also commonly in classical Greek, not μὴ, but οὐ.

REMARK 2. In Matt. 15:6 the verb timh,sei has the negative ouvmh.. Some interpreters take this as a Predictive Future, but the thought requires the Imperative sense, and in view of the frequent use of ouv mh. with the Future in an imperative sense in the Septuagint, and its occasional use in classical Greek, the possibility of it can hardly be denied.

(2) One or two probable instances of the Imperative Future in the third person occur, though perhaps no entirely certain case. Matt. 4:4, Οὐκ ἐπ’ ἄρτῳ μόνῳ ζήσεται ὁ ἄνθρωπος, is probably to be so regarded, though the Hebrew of the passage quoted (Deut. 8:3) is apparently Gnomic rather than Imperative. On Matt. 15:6, see 67, Rem. 2. See also Matt. 20:26, 27.



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