Nomina Sacra

English Greek Word Nominative (Subject) Genitive (Possessive)
God Θεός ΘΣ ΘΥ
Lord Κύριος ΚΣ ΚΥ
Jesus Ἰησοῦς ΙΣ ΙΥ
Christ Χριστὸς ΧΣ ΧΥ
Son Υἱός ΥΣ ΥΥ
Spirit Πνεῦμα ΠΝΑ ΠΝΣ
Father Πατήρ ΠΗΡ ΠΡΣ
Saviour Σωτὴρ ΣΗΡ ΣΡΣ
Heaven/Heavens Οὐρανὸς ΟΥΝΟΣ ΟΥΝΟΥ
Man Ἄνθρωπος ΑΝΟΣ ΑΝΟΥ
Israel Ἰσραὴλ ΙΗΛ
Jerusalem Ἱερουσαλήμ ΙΛΗΜ
David Δαυὶδ ΔΑΔ
Cross Σταυρός ΣΤΣ ΣΤΥ
Mother Μήτηρ ΜΗΡ ΜΗΣ

Nomina sacra (singular: nomen sacrum) means “sacred names” in Latin. In paleography and textual criticism, it is used to refer to traditions of abbreviated writing of several frequently occurring divine names or titles in early Greek manuscripts of the Bible. The contraction (i.e. shortening of a word) was indicated with overline e.g. Ἰησοῦς is written ΙΣ. The nomen sacrum for mother did not appear until the 4th century A.D, but all other Nomina Sacra have been found in Greek manuscripts from the first to third centuries A.D.

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