|English||Greek Word||Nominative (Subject)||Genitive (Possessive)|
Nomina sacra (singular: nomen sacrum) means “sacred names” in Latin. In paleography and textual criticism, it is used to refer to traditions of abbreviated writing of several frequently occurring divine names or titles in early Greek manuscripts of the Bible. The contraction (i.e. shortening of a word) was indicated with overline e.g. Ἰησοῦς is written ΙΣ. The nomen sacrum for mother did not appear until the 4th century A.D, but all other Nomina Sacra have been found in Greek manuscripts from the first to third centuries A.D.