There are four moods in Greek verb:-
- the Indicative,
- the Subjunctive,
- the Optative, and
- the Imperative.
With these are associated in the study of Syntax the Infinitive, which is, strictly speaking, a verbal noun, and the Participle, which is a verbal adjective.
The Subjunctive, Optative, Imperative, and Infinitive are often called dependent moods.
REMARK. The term dependent is not strictly applicable to these moods, and least of all to the Imperative, which almost always stands as a principal verb. It has, however, become an established term, and is retained as a matter of convenience.